Social Study In Detail - Milgram (1965)

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Title:

Liberating Effects Of Groups Pressure

Author:

Stanley Milgram

Aim:

To test whether the rate of obedience in the Milgram procedure would be affected by witnessing rebellious or obedient fellow participants.

Sample:

80 male participants aged 20-50 years matched for age and occupation with those in the original study.

Procedure:

Participants took part in one of two conditions, either with an obedient stooge (Group 1) or a rebellious stooge (Group 2). In Group 1, the participant worked with two rebellious stooges, one refusing to go further than 150v and the other stopped at 210v. In Group 2 the participant worked with obedient stooges who gave shocks without protest and offered mild rebukes when the participant expressed displeasure with the procedure. Milgram’s original group served as a control.

Results:

In Milgram’s original study, all participants gave at least 300v and 26 (65%) gave 450v.

In the rebellious stooge condition 50% refused to continue past150v and only 6/40 (15%) gave the full 450v.

In the obedient stooge condition 29 participants (72.5%) went to 450v.

Conclusions:

The behaviour of fellow participant’s made a difference to the rates of obedience. The presence of rebellious stooges had a much larger effect on participants than that of the obedient ones; the majority felt able to refuse order once one or both the others had done so. Situation rather…

Comments

Moira

Really useful =)

The Fairy Queen

Moira wrote: Really useful =)

Thank you :D

Lois

wasnt it 40 males?

Ashley Seymour

I believe it to be 40 male participants as well in the original study

sian


i've got 40 males too :)

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