The Behavioural Perspective - assumes that parents teach their children about gender-related behaviours through operant conditioning (through reinforcement of rewards or punishment)
Lytton and Romney (1991) - Key Study
•Carried out in North American and other Western countries.
Findings: Little evidence for differential treatment in terms of interaction and warmth between son and daughters. Encouragement of sex-typed activities also Boys were more likely to be physically punished
Supports the claim that boys and girls receive different reinforcement for activities considered to be sex-appropriate.
Key Evaluation Points to Consider for Lytton and Romney's Study:
- •Findings cannot be generalised globally – findings specific to westernised countries
- Cultural relativism (debate) as parenting styles may vary in different cultures.
- Very large sample size
- Very broad range of participants (different religions, ethnicities etc)
- Can identify patterns and trends
- Supports claim of parental treatment
The Impact of Peers - little studies which offer an alternative view
Archer and Lloyd (1982) -…