Social Action Theory>WEBER
People are able to hold meanings about the world and consciously act on those meanings as they are have consciousness. Weber saw social behaviour in terms of the meanings people attach to actions. This takes account of the way other people act.
The aim of sociological investigation should be the creation of an understanding of the meanings, motives, values etc involved in social actions. This means getting behind people’s actions, not just observing and recording what they do, but finding out why they do.
Interactionism focuses on small-scale interactions rather than on the social structure. The main concern is the way meanings are constructed through social interaction. The emphasis is on the way people have a degree of control and influence over social behaviour. Human behaviour is not simply some response to an external social structure.