Social Cognitive Theory
Social cognitive theory
> BANDURA renamed social learning theory as social cognitive theory to emphasise the role of cognitive factors in learning.
> In this theory the source of info is social (parents & peers) & what's learned is a cognition, something stored in the mind.
> BANDURA proposed that gender role development is the result of learning from social agents who model & reinforce gender role behaviours.
Indirect reinforcement -
> Indirect reinforcement = children observe the behaviour of others & learn the consequences of the behaviour - this info is stored as an expectancy of future outcome - learning such behaviours is the result of imitation/modelling.
Direct reinforcement -
> Direct reinforcement = although boys & girls may learn the characteristic behaviours of both sexes, they don't perform everything they learn (what they learn doesn't always directly affect them).
Direct tuition -
> Direct tuition = kids learn through vicarious reinforcement but also through explicit instructions about appropriate gender behaviour - begins as kids acquire linguistic skills & serves as a way…