Why did the Bloody Code fail to stamp out smuggling?
Who were the smugglers?
In 1748 103 people were listed as 'wanted' for smuggling. Over 70% of them were labourers, fewer than 10% were small farmers and the rest were tradesmen such as butchers and carpenters. However, wealthy people also took part. Robert Waterpole, later Prime Minister, smuggled wine into the country while he was a government minister using a government ship.
Why did people become smugglers?
For farm labourers it was…