- Characterictics of a skill:
- Goal directed
- Aesthetically pleasing
- Excellent performance
Ability is an innate quality that we have - it is something that we are born with, it is determined by our genetic inheritance. Abilities are stable and unchanging, except as a result of growing and maturing. Depending on your ability determines the development of your skill level.
Types of Ability
Motor Ability is a series of underlying characteristics that contribute to moving a limb or limbs successfully. Motor abilities are innate inherited traits that determine an individual's coordination, balance and speed of reactions.
Fleishmann (1964) poduced a list of 14 different motor abilities that he believed underpinned and were the determinants of an individual's potential to develop skill. His theory argued that every skill would require the combination of 2 or more of these abilities in varying proportions and that it is possible through a process of factor analysis to identify which motor abilities are required as a means of determining potential skill development of an individual
Perceptual Ability is related to the process of receiving, recognising, selecting and organising information that we receive from our senses. Perceptual abilities that allow us to process the information in the display are:
- Speed of perception - how fast you can compare various elements within the display
- being able to divide your attention between more than one part of the display
- analysing movement within the display and predicting future movement/position
- selection - to filter out unwanted, unnecessary or irrelevant pieces of information from the display
Types of Skill
Cognitive Skill is selecting what to do, choosing which action to use and when, decision making and reasoning. Our cognitive skill develops as we learn from an ever wider range of experiences. As an example a tennis player makes better decisions about how to play an opponent if they have played them before and evaluated their opponent's strengths and weaknesses. A performer is able to give attention to the more tactical and decision making elements within a performance if a technique has become grooved, habitual or can be performed with less attention to the required muscle contractions
Perceptual Skill is how well we select, organise and recognise information gained from…