Short term and Long term Memory

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  • Created by: Molly
  • Created on: 28-11-12 14:51

Short Term Memory

Encoding;

Short-term memory uses a mainly acoustic code - sound, e.g. by repeating the material verbally. Conrad 1964: rhyming letters are harder to recall than non-rhyming letters because of acoustic confusion errors. This research may lack ecological validity; a possible problem for all memory research.

List (a) is easier to recall than list (b):

(a) G S Z W N T R

(b) D E C G P B T

Capacity

Miller, 1956 used span measures and discovered that short-term memory has a…

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