Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

What is meant by Gonorrhoea/Chlamydia/Herpes? And what causes them?

Gonorrhoea:-
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. It can be transmitted: from one person to another through unprotected sexual contact (oral, anal, or ******l), from mother to child with passage of the child through the birth canal, sharing sex toys when they are not washed or covered with a new condom between each person who uses them.

Chlamydia:-
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is one of the most common STIs. Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. The infection is transmitted in 3 ways: from one person to another through unprotected sexual contact (oral, anal, or ******l), from mother to child with passage of the child through the birth canal, sharing sex toys when they are not washed or covered with a new condom between each person who uses them. 

Herpes:-
Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). It causes painful blisters on the genitals and the surrounding areas. HSV can affect any mucous membrane (moist lining). such as those found in the mouth (cold sores). Genital herpes is a chronic (long-term condition). The virus remains in the body and can become active again. Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). It is transmitted: from one person to another through unprotected sexual contact (oral, anal, or ******l), from mother to child with passage of the child through the birth canal, sharing sex toys when they are not washed or covered with a new condom between each person who uses them. 

What are the symptoms of...?

Gonorrhoea:- symptoms of gonorrhoea usually show up within one week of being infected. But sometimes symptoms may not appear until many months later, or until the infection has spread to other parts of the body. About 1 in 10 infected men and half of infected women will not experience any obvious symptoms after contracting gonorrhoea, which means it can go untreated for some time. 

Men:-
- An unusual discharge from the tip of the penis, which may be white, yellow or green.
- Pain or a burning sensation when urinating.
- Inflammation (swelling) of the foreskin.
- Pain or tenderness in the testicles or prostate gland (this is rare).

Women:-
- An unusual discharge from the ******, which may be thick and green or yellow in colour.
- Problems and pain when passing urine.
- Pain or tenderness in the lower abdominal area (this is less common).
- Bleeding between periods or heavier periods (this is less common).
- Pain during sex.

Other symptoms:-
Sore throat with fever if practising oral sex.

Chlamydia:- this disease infects the urethra in men. In women, it infects the urethra and the cervix and can spread to the reproductive organs.

Men:-
- Half of all men with chlamydia don't notice any symptoms.
- Pain when urinating.
- Unusual discharge from the tip of the penis (this can be white, cloudy or watery…

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