Amplitude - The maximum disturbance caused by a wave.
Frequency - The number of waves produced in one second.
Longitudinal - An energy-carrying wave in which the movement of the particles is in line with the direction in which the energy is being transferred.
Transverse - A wave in which the vibrations are at 90 degrees to the direction of energy transfer.
Wavelength - The distance between corresponding points on two adjacent disturbances.
Diffraction - The change in…