Schaffer and Emerson


Schaffer and Emerson


To find the age at which attachments start and how intense these were. 


Studied 60 babies from a working class area of Glasgow, observing them every four weeks for the first year and then again at 18 months.

Two Key Concepts-

Separation Anxiety: how distressed the child became when separated from the main caregiver (this suggests an attachment has been formed)

Stranger Anxiety:


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