S.20 MALICIOUS WOUNDING OR INFLICTING GRIEVOUS BODILY HARM
S.18 MALICIOUS WOUNDING OR CAUSING GRIEVOUS BODILY HARM WITH INTENT
examples: permanent disability, disfigurement, fractured skull, loss of senses.
ACTUS REUS OF S.20 & S.18
breaking 2 layers of external skin.
An example of this is an open broken bone.
This is compared with C(MINOR) v EISENHOWER where the defendant shot a gun pellet into the victims eye causing a ruptured retina.
another example is R V WOODS where the victim suffered a broken collar bone but because the wound didn't break the external skin.
INFLICT (SAME AS CAUSE FOR S.18)
inflicting GBH can be direct or indirect.
An example of direct GBH is in the case of R V BURSTON where the defendant…