Advent The first season of the Church year, leading up to Christmas and including the four preceding Sundays.


Advent Wreath– A wreath of evergreen in which four / five candles are set, one to be lit on each Sunday of Advent / Christmas Day.


Christmas The annual Christian festival celebrating Christ's birth held on 25 December in the Western Church.


Nativity The birth of Jesus Christ.


Epiphany– A word meaning ‘revealing’. Epiphany was when Christ was ‘revealed’ to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi.


Lent The 40 weekdays from Ash Wednesday until Easter observed by Christians as a season of fasting and penitence in preparation for Easter.


Ash Wednesday The first day of Lent in the Western Christian Church, marked by services of penitence.


Holy Week The week before Easter, starting on Palm Sunday.


Palm Sunday The Sunday before Easter, on which Christ's entry into Jerusalem is celebrated in many Christian churches by processions in which branches of palms are carried.


Triumphant Entry– The triumphal entry is Jesus entering Jerusalem on a donkey on what is now remembered as Palm Sunday.


Maundy Thursday– The Thursday before Easter, commemorating the Last Supper and Jesus’ washing of the disciples’ feet.


The Last Supper The traditional Passover supper of Jesus with his disciples on the eve of his crucifixion.


Good Friday The Friday before Easter Sunday, on which the Crucifixion of Christ is commemorated in the Christian Church. It is traditionally a day of fasting and penance.


The Passion– The suffering and death of Jesus.


Easter Sunday– The day on which the festival of Easter is celebrated.


Ascension Day The Thursday forty days after Easter, on which Christ's Ascension to heaven is celebrated in the Christian Church.


Pentecost The Christian festival celebrating the descent of the Holy Spirit on the disciples of Jesus after his Ascension held on the seventh Sunday after Easter.


Sunday The day of the week observed by Christians as a day of rest and religious worship.


Saints Day A day on which a saint is particularly commemorated in the Christian Church.


Pilgrimage A physical and spiritual journey, typically to a sacred place, shrine or point of religious interest.



Christianity and Special Days

  • The Christian Church year is divided up into various festivals and seasons. Below, each of the major seasons and festivals are listed, with detailed information provided about each one and their importance for Christian believers.

The Season of Advent


  • Advent is a season observed in many Western Christian churches as a time of waiting and preparation for the celebration of Jesus’ birth at Christmas. The term comes from the Latin word adventus, meaning "coming".

  • Advent is the beginning of the Church and starts on Advent Sunday.


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