Reaching a Verdict – How Psychology Can Inform Behaviour in the Courtroom
2.3 Effect of Shields & Videotape on Children Giving Evidence
· In many cases, a child is the only witness and giving evidence in court can be very traumatic for them.
· Children are therefore able to give evidence behind a screen or outside the courtroom.
· Having a child giving evidence behind a screen may suggest an increased likelihood of guilt to a jury by implication that the child needs to be protected against the defendant.
Key Study: Ross et al, The Impact of Protective Shields & Videotape Testimony on Conviction Rates
· To find out if the use of protective shields and videotaped testimony increases likelihood of a guilty verdict.
· To investigate effect of protective devices on jury reaction to testimony – do they experience:
o Credibility inflation – where a child’s testimony is enhanced because…