"On the first day of the seventh month you are to gather for worship, and no work is to be done. On that day, trumpets are to be blown..."- Numbers
- ROSH HASHANAH- first of the two festival that are known by the title YAMIN NORAIM- Day of Woe.
- This includes the 10 days of repentance and atonement during which the Jew considers all the sins he has committed over the last year and asks God, and his friends, for forgiveness.
- ROSH HASHANAH takes place on days one and two during the month of TISHREI, then YOM KIPPUR follows on the 10th day.
- Preperations should be made throughout the month of ELLUL (previous month) before TISHIRI
- During ELLUL Jews recite the SELIHOT- repentance prayers- EVERY MORNING.
- This shows that the Jew is considering seriously what he has done wrong and longing for forgiveness from God: "For not listening to Your voice Forgive us...and give us atonement"- selihot prayer
- The SHOFAR is blown every day during ELLUL, apart from SHABBAT. The SHOFAR is a horn which can be made out of any kosher animal. Usually, it is a ram's horn and brings in mind the story of ABRAHAM following GOD'S commandment to kill his only son, ISAAC. At the last minute, GOD told ABRAHAM that he did not have to kill ISAAC as he had proved his complete obedience to GOD, and ABRAHAM sacrificed a ram instead. This story is told during ROSH HASHANAH.
- ROSH HASHANAH= Head of the year, and the festival celebrates the Jewish New Year
- The Jews remember that God is the creator of the world, "...God is crowned as King..."- Pilkington
- ROSH HASHANAH gives Jews an oppurtunity to seek God's forgiveness for all their sins
- The Jew has 10 days to repent for his sins before God makes his judgement upon every individual, at YOM KIPPUR. That is why Jews greet each other with the words, "May you be inscribed…