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Migrants from ex-colonies

Black Caribbean 1948

  • loss of workforce because of WW2
  • commonwealth countries employed in British Rail, the national service and London Transport
  • ** Empire wind rush
  • 250,000 Black Carribbean between 1955 and 1962
  • 1980s 80% employed in transport
  • Notting hill carnival established in 1964

Chinese 1950s and 1960s

  • influx of men from agricultural work in New terrorities in Hong Kong
  • employed in laundry business
  • tourist attractions of chinatown within larger cities

Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi 1950s and 1960s

  • shortage of labour after WW2
  • london is the largest community accounting for 6% of population
  • 4.4% of london businesses are indian businesses

East African- Asians

  • Asians in Uganda was to escape General Idi Amin in 1972
  • attracted to UK for safety


  • boat people escaping communist Vietnam in 1973
  • 12,500 vietnamese refugees arriving between 1979 to 1982
  • lowering the standard of workforce

Africans 1970s to 1980s

  • political…


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