Althusser recognises the concept of Ideological State Apparatus. This is the ideas and values which reproduce and legitimate inequality.
Bowles and Gintis.
Studied a New York school. Used questionnaires.
The relationship between personality type and success in education were studied.
2 types were found:
- Obedient : achieved.
- Creative, independent : Did not achieve.
Concluded that education oppresses and rewards certain types of people.
School reflects work in capitalist society.
1. Hierarchy of Teachers, Hierarchy of management/ authority.
2. Extrinsic satisfaction. Through grades or pay, not from the work.
3. Levels of education. Streams, years, or low or high level workers.
Willis: Learning to Labour.