Case study: Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is a city located on Brazil's south-east coast. It is one of Brazil's largest settlements with a population of approximately 11.7 million people and second largest city and the third largest metropolitan area in Brazil.
Problems in Rio de Janeiro: Favela
· Over Population: (Reasons): Natural Increase is one reason for its growth (this is when the birth rate is higher than the death rate). The population has also grown as the result of urbanisation- rural to urban migration - Millions of people have migrated from Brazil's rural areas to Rio de Janeiro. 65% of urban growth is a result of migration. The rapid growth of Rio de Janeiro's population has led to a severe shortage of housing.
· Housing: there is over 1 million favela and over 1 million poor quality housing. This is slum area where all of the poor people live and this area is the centre of problems. Millions of people have been forced to construct their own homes from scrap materials such as wood, corrugated iron and metals.
· Traffic: this cause pollution which contributes to global warming and mudslides and floods.
· The rich and poor living close together because the poor has to do all the bad jobs for the rich…