Tested using the CAS (celebrity attitude scale)
Maltby et al '06: Three levels of para-social relationships: entertainment social, intense personal and borderline-pathological.
Maltby et al'03: Later found that in a sample of 372 people, 15% ent-soc, 5% int-per, 2% bord-path
Cheung and Yue '03: found that idol worship was associated with lower levels of work or study and self-esteem as well as less successful identity achievement. Teenagers who worshiped idols from tv demonstrated lowest levels of identity achievement.
Cheung et al also found that there are…