In a global context, the issue of religious fundamentalism has emerged as a major area of concern, notably in relation to international Islamist terroism.
Fundamentalism and cosmopolitanism
Giddens defines fundamentalism as traditionalists who wish to return to the fundamentals of their faith and who have an unquestioning belief in the literal truth of scripture.
- They believe that they possess the truth and are intolerent of other views
- They rely upon the guardians of tradition e.g; clergy
- However, while fundamentalists detest modernity, they use modern methods to express and spread their beliefs
- Giddens sees fundamentalism as a reaction to globalisation, which undermines traditional norms about gender and sexuality. he contrasts it…