Religious Studies Unit 1 Human Experience

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Human rights are 'the basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled' 


various people campaign against injustice 

religious leaders often show ways in which to raise awareness of an achieving basic human rights for those who have their rights ignored. 

most religious believers accept that God made everyone equal in his own image and this suggest that each and every human is important 

SACRED TEXT... 'there is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you all are one in Jesus Christ' 

Oscar Romero 

  • born 1917 El Salvador 
  • 1967 religions bishops decided to move away from trying to maintain peace and towards supporting the poor struggle against social justice. Crime and corruption were extensive and many were struggling. To begin with Romero did not speak out against what he saw
  • 1977 appointed Archbishop of San Salvador, when saw his friend die he suspended masses in the nations churches, demanding punishment of those responsible 
  • He emerged as a outspoken opponent of injustice and the government and defender of the poor 
  • became known as the "Voice of the voiceless" speaking out about injustice and holding mettings banned by the government 
  • 1980 shot dead by group in a chapel while he was celebrating in mass 

justice seen as helping the poor, speaking out against oppressors, caring about others, ensuring everyone has equal provision, acting on behalf of others and being a peacemaker showing the way of forgiveness



is something that you have to do out of moral or legal obligation. 

duties are important to society as they ensure that certain things happen, without them there may be disaster and chaos 

in religion usually three types of duty, to god, to your neighbour, to yourself 


  • DUTY TO GOD- summarised in the Great Commandment which is to love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, mind and strength. 
  • DUTY TO NEIGHBOUR- this is to love you neighbour as yourself, parable of the Good Samaritan. Showing that duty to treat others as you wish to be treated. 
  • DUTY TO YOURSELF- to keep your body and mind healthy, use talents effectively, obey the law of state in which you live


  • Buddha's teachings range from understanding (cause and effect) and developing good impressions in one mind, to reaching full enlightenment by recognising the nature of the mind 
  • No idea of 'self' in Buddhism 
  • believe that they will reach the greatest peace and happiness through the practise of dharma (the path or journey they choose to take) 
  • therfore each person is responsible for him/herself to put it into real practice 
  • Buddha-dharma means 'the path of awakening' 



aims of punishment, 

protect society and the offender from each other and to make sure that everyone in society is unlikely to suffer the same crime being commited again 

to deter others from committing the same crime again as they know it will happen to them 

to reform the offender and change…


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