Sanctity of life- life is precious and utterly priceless
most relgious traditions believe that humans were made in the image of God and that, therefore, life is special. Because of this they believe that we did not ask to be born and that human life is precious deserving special respect and treatment. God has a plan for all human life and therefore life should be taken intentionally.
Should people have a free will to make life/death decisions
Sanctity of life and Quality of life (the extent to which life is meaningful and pleasureable)
Moral issues when considering life/death decisions
relates to medical ethics (moral priciples that affect medical issues and practice)
Religious teachings have clear teachings about medical ethics. do this by turning to their sacred texts for guidence or ask a religious believer for advice. However some medical advances were not around during thise periods so the guidence may not be specific.
religious believers will choose to look at general teachings about life and death and try to apply them to these situations by looking in sacred texts, speak to religious leaders, pray, weigh up pros and cons.
however occasioanally may bot agree with teachings as they may believe in free will (the belief that nothing is determined) and coose to follow their conscience ( an innate moral sense that guides actions and responses)
How do doctors make ethical decisions- when making ethical decisions doctors must remember they have taken a Hippocratic Oath, a promise made to do their best to preserve life.
Nurses have a code of conduct
scientific advances mean that humans are often lead to make life and death decisions that did not exist in the past.
if god wanted the results of genetic engineerin he would have created them
man has no right to play God
it can be seen as immoral or unnatural as interferes with nature.
prohibited in Jewish law to marry a woman from a family of epileptics or lepers to avoid illness being spread further down future generations.
Catholics believe that the soul enters the body the second of conception (when the sperm and egg unite) believing that harvesting cells for embryonic cloning is the same as live human experimentation and is contrary to Gods will.