- Stark and Bainbridge
- They see the secularisation theory as eurocentric as it only observes the decline in religion in Europe. it also gives a distorted view of the past as there was no golden age of religiousity ever as attendance has always been low. We can't produce an end point for religion either.
- This theory is based on 2 assumptions: 1) people are naturally religious 2) it is human nature to seek rewards and run away from the negatives
- Religion is attractive because it acts as a compensator. When real rewards seem unreachable e.g. immortality isn't possible but religion offers life after death
- S+B put forward the concept the cycle of religious decline, revival and renewal.
- According to S+B, churches act like companies selling…
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