Religious Education: Luke's Gospel

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Background to Luke's Gospel

1:1-4 Introduction

  • Other people has written accounts so O.T events fulfilled by eye-witnesses
  • I, myself, have carefully investigated everything from the beginning (historian)
  • It seemed good to write an orderly account for you, Theophilus so you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.

Why did Luke write the gospel? 

  • Tell others of his faith
  • Convince Romans that Christians didn't want trouble
  • He was a gentile: wanted people to know Christianity wasn't just for Jews
  • He wanted poor and outcasts to know good news of Jesus' ministry

Jesus preaching at Nazareth

  • Jesus returned Galilee in power of Spirit/ news about him spread as he taught in their synagogues
  • He went to Nazareth and on Sabbath day went into synagogue to read
  • Scroll of the prophet Isiah was handed to him:
  • 'The spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me
  • to preach good news to the poor.
  • He has sent me to proclaim freedom for prisoners and recovery of sight to blind;
  • to release the oppressed
  • to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor.' 
  • 'Today the scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.' 

Relevance of his gospel

  • Customs different, vital information may have been missed
  • Luke's gospel contains stories we can live upon, pertain to everyday issues
  • Source of wisdom and inspiration, a sacred scripture and timeless
  • People feel vocation to become ministers of religion spreading evangelical material expressed in the gospel. Luke's reasons for setting the gospel empower outcasts today. 



  • Mary virgin pledged married Joseph living in Nazareth, Galilee
  • 'Do not be afraid Mary, you have found favour with God,
  • with child and give birth to son named Jesus,
  • will be great named son of most high,
  • throne of his father David and reign over house of Jacob forever,
  • kingdom will never end.' 
  • 'Holy spirit will come upon you power most high overshadow you
  • Holy one born called the son of God
  • even Elizabeth is  going to have a child even if she is barren
  • Nothing impossible with God.
  • Mary: 'I am the Lord's servant may it be to me as has been said.' 

Birth of Jesus

  • Caesar Augustus emperor of entire Roman world when Jesus born
  • Issued decree for census: first while Quirinis governor of Syria
  • Joseph left Nazareth to Bethlehem Judea proclaimed town of David
  • Mary delivered during time in Bethlehem: 'wrapped him in clothes placed him in manger because there was no room for them in the inn.' 
  • Shepherds approached by angel of Lord cast the glory of Lord around them and said: 'Don't be afraid I bring good news of joy for all people. Today in town of David a Saviour has been born to you; Christ the Lord. Sign to you: find a baby wrapped in clothes and in a manger...' 
  • Heavenly host appeared: 'Glory to God in the highest and peace to his people on Earth'

Jesus presented in the temple

  • Joseph and Mary took him Jerusalem present him to Lord (every newborn male consecrated…


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