Background to Luke's Gospel
- Other people has written accounts so O.T events fulfilled by eye-witnesses
- I, myself, have carefully investigated everything from the beginning (historian)
- It seemed good to write an orderly account for you, Theophilus so you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.
Why did Luke write the gospel?
- Tell others of his faith
- Convince Romans that Christians didn't want trouble
- He was a gentile: wanted people to know Christianity wasn't just for Jews
- He wanted poor and outcasts to know good news of Jesus' ministry
Jesus preaching at Nazareth
- Jesus returned Galilee in power of Spirit/ news about him spread as he taught in their synagogues
- He went to Nazareth and on Sabbath day went into synagogue to read
- Scroll of the prophet Isiah was handed to him:
- 'The spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me
- to preach good news to the poor.
- He has sent me to proclaim freedom for prisoners and recovery of sight to blind;
- to release the oppressed
- to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor.'
- 'Today the scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.'
Relevance of his gospel
- Customs different, vital information may have been missed
- Luke's gospel contains stories we can live upon, pertain to everyday issues
- Source of wisdom and inspiration, a sacred scripture and timeless
- People feel vocation to become ministers of religion spreading evangelical material expressed in the gospel. Luke's reasons for setting the gospel empower outcasts today.
- Mary virgin pledged married Joseph living in Nazareth, Galilee
- 'Do not be afraid Mary, you have found favour with God,
- with child and give birth to son named Jesus,
- will be great named son of most high,
- throne of his father David and reign over house of Jacob forever,
- kingdom will never end.'
- 'Holy spirit will come upon you power most high overshadow you
- Holy one born called the son of God
- even Elizabeth is going to have a child even if she is barren
- Nothing impossible with God.'
- Mary: 'I am the Lord's servant may it be to me as has been said.'
Birth of Jesus
- Caesar Augustus emperor of entire Roman world when Jesus born
- Issued decree for census: first while Quirinis governor of Syria
- Joseph left Nazareth to Bethlehem Judea proclaimed town of David
- Mary delivered during time in Bethlehem: 'wrapped him in clothes placed him in manger because there was no room for them in the inn.'
- Shepherds approached by angel of Lord cast the glory of Lord around them and said: 'Don't be afraid I bring good news of joy for all people. Today in town of David a Saviour has been born to you; Christ the Lord. Sign to you: find a baby wrapped in clothes and in a manger...'
- Heavenly host appeared: 'Glory to God in the highest and peace to his people on Earth'
Jesus presented in the temple
- Joseph and Mary took him Jerusalem present him to Lord (every newborn male consecrated…