Religion and Social Change

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  • Seen in as a conservative force in 2 senses= 1) Its upholds traditional norms and values. 2) it tries to maintain the status quo.
  • Most religions oppse to changes that give people more freedom etc as it makes them more individualistic and can lead to social change that can go against religious teachings e.g. homosexuality legitimised.
  • Similarly religion usually upholds family values that support the gender division that gives men more control in big decisions, and what the family can or cannot do.
  • Bride vows to love honour and obey whilst the man only has to love and honour
  • RELIGION AND CONSENSUS- functionalists see religion as a conservative force because it functions to maintain social stability and prevents society from disintegrating. It promotes social solidarity by creating value consensus. It also helps individuals to deal with stresses that would otherwise disrupt society (Malinowski)
  • RELIGION AND CAPITALISM- Marx sees religion as a conservative ideology that prevents social change. By legitimising or disguising inequality it creates a false consciousness in the working class which prevents them from changing. Alienation is said to be caused by a lack of control in the working place. Workers can't control the production or contribute any new ideas to improve their working life or to improve the products themselves. Religion is…


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