According to the secularisation theory, development undermines religion (modern science and technology destroy belief in the supernatural). However, religion may also contribute to development eg. Weber claims that the Protestant ethic helped bring about modern capitalism. More recently, sociologists have examined the role religion plays in development in today's globalising world.
God and globalisation in India
globalisation has brought rapid economic growth in India and rising prosperity to a new middle class. Nanda (2008) examines the role of Hinduism (the religion of 95% of the population) in legitimating the rise of a new Hindu 'ultra-nationalism' and the prosperity of the Indian middle class.
hinduism and consumerism
according to the secularisation theory, the prosperous, scientifically educated, urban middle class are precisely the people who will…