- Created by: cashj244
- Created on: 11-06-17 13:49
New forms of religion -
Some sociologists believe religion is not declining but simply changing. Davie argues religion is not declining but taking a different more privatized form.
Believing without belonging -
- Church attendance has decreased because people no longer feel obliged to go, it's now more a personal choice.
- We now have believed without belonging - people hold religious beliefs but don't attend church.
- There are trends towards Vicarious religion where a small minority practice religion on behalf of a much larger number.
- Societies like Britain may not attend church but still use the church for funerals, baptism, and weddings.
Spiritual shopping -
- People have lost their religion that use to be handed down from generation to generation (cultural amnesia)
- While traditional religion has declined, religion continues through individual consumerism. People have become spiritual shoppers. Religion is now individualized. We now develop our own 'do it yourself' beliefs.
Hervieu-Leger argues that two new religious types are emerging -
Pilgrims: Follow an individual path in search for self-discovery, new age or through individual therapy.
Converts: Join religious groups that offer a strong sense of belonging. This re-creates a sense of community, evangelical movements & ethnic minority churches
Postmodern religion -
Lyon argues that postmodern society has several features that are changing the nature of religion, globalization, the increased importance of the media, and consumerism. As a result, traditional religion is giving way to new religious forms.
The relocation of religion - because of globalization there is increased movement of religious ideas across national boundaries often via Media, online.
- The media give us access to ideas ad beliefs around the globe of different religions.
- The media allows people to practice their religion online without having to go to church
- So religion becomes de-institutionalised
Religious consumerism - Postmodern society involves the idea that we now construct our identities through what we consume
- This is also true of religion - we are…