- Created by: NIAMHp
- Created on: 27-11-18 15:19
According to a United Nations report on human settlements in 2016, 54% of the world's population now live in urban areas. By 2050, it's predicted to rise to 66% which is approximately 6 billion people. Cairo in Egypt shows three distinct phases of growth, the Medieval City, the European City and the Modern Suburbs. Rapid urbanisation has affected Cairo in the latter part of the 20th Century. The population has almost doubled in the last 30 years, from 6.4 million in 1975 to 11 million in 2005.
Due to this rapid growth there has been a number of problems created. Firstly, there is a lack of adequate housing. Many people live in one of the 67 informal settlements in the Greater Cairo region, in which people live in poverty, lacking even the most basic services of sanitation, clean water supply, health and education provision. Informal settlements occur in three types of locations in Cairo: on agricultural land surrounding the city, in rundown parts of the old medieval city icluding the City of the Dead and in refuse-tip dwellers - the Zabaleen. The newest settlements are crudely constructed blocks of flats and many have…