Religion and Morality


i) The link between religion and morality has become larger in recent years due to philosophers debates and arguemtns, which seek to prove that there are other sources of morality, not just religion. The idea of religion and morality first arose from the Divine Command Theory, which is the belif that all the God commands is moral. Dawkins descibes the DCT as "an ethical theory that proposes that an actions status as morally good is equivilent to whether God commands it". Whilst there are many religious believers who uphold religious morality, some philosophical thinkers work to widen the gap between religion and moralily. 

One such person is Richard Dawkins, who explains that the religious faith is 'an indulgence of rationality which nourshies extremism'. The latter quotation clearly illusrtraes Dawkins beleifs. Throughout his works, he focuses on extremist religions such as Evalgelical Christians and Muslim extremists. in particular he looks into the 9/11 terrorist attacks, and is overcome by the idea of such religiously motivated hatred. 

Moreover, dawkins targets the teaching of religion to children. He maintains that evolution should be taught in schools and criticises the way people 'label' children. He claims, one would not call a child 'labour' or 'conservative', based upon their parents political beliefs, hence we should not label children as 'Muslim or Jewish. To support this view of child abuse, he gives the example of the Colorado Hell House, which shows children ages 7-11 images of homosexulaity, affairs and abortions. Dawkins classifiesthis behavious as child abuse. 

Lastly, dawkins exaplins that morality eveolves and that there is no place and need for God in the world. Hence, he conc.udes that Morality is not God given. 

A second philosopher to criticise religion and morality is Neitzsche. Neitzsche begins his argument by explaing that God is dead'. This instantly causes problems for the heteronomous and


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