What is a referendum? (5 marks)
A referendum is a simple question on a specific issue that is directed at the public. This means the public can have a direct say on an issue that may affect them personally. To answer all they have to do is to put an ‘X’ by their designated answer which is either a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’. This is the most common form of direct democracy in modern day society. Two examples of a referendum are:
In Wales (1997) the welsh were then asked this question – ‘Do you agree there should be a welsh assembly?’ and in the UK (1975) the public were asked ‘Do you think the UK should stay in the European community? ’
Under what circumstances have referendums been used in the UK? (10 marks)
A referendum is a popular vote in which the public have a direct say on a issue. This can either be an important political issue or a direct issue that may affect the voter’s constitution. Referendums have been used on several occasions within the UK as a whole and also in separate constitutions of the UK. I will describe the circumstances of one referendum based in UK and the overall outcome of the referendum.
The referendum I will be discussing took place in 1975. This was put forward to all of the UK. The public were asked ‘Do you think the UK should…