Psychopathology

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Statistical infrequency- top or bottom 2 1/2 of the population (statistically infrequent behaviour) 

  • issues with this definition (common problems go undiagnosed eg.depression) misdiagnosis
  • good because it is objective, as it is data, you can be easily diagnosed (clear cut - off)
  • deviation from social norms, violates unwritten social rules
  • can be abusive of social rights, cultural realism, what is normal in one culture is not in another
  • takes into account situational norms (not appropriate in certain contexts) 
  • failure to function adequately, unable to go along with everyday life and its demands, effecting your social or occupational well-being.
  • misdiagnosis, two people could have the same symptoms, but one be abnormal and not the other, depending on whether the symptom effects everyday life
  • takes into account subjective personal experiences, without simply just making a judgement (eg. someone with ocd, but could fuction adequately) 
  • deviation from ideal mental health is defined depending on whether an individual meets Jahoda's principles of ideal mental health
  • unrealistic criteria, makes all of us abnormal, but the only definition that takes a positive and holistic outlook
  • OCD cognitive - obsessions 
  • OCD behaviour - compulsions
  • OCD emotional - depression 
  • OCD can be partly inherited, but others factors…

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