Statistical infrequency- top or bottom 2 1/2 of the population (statistically infrequent behaviour) 

  • issues with this definition (common problems go undiagnosed eg.depression) misdiagnosis
  • good because it is objective, as it is data, you can be easily diagnosed (clear cut - off)
  • deviation from social norms, violates unwritten social rules
  • can be abusive of social rights, cultural realism, what is normal in one culture is not in another
  • takes into account situational norms (not appropriate in certain contexts) 
  • failure to function adequately, unable to go along with everyday life and its demands, effecting your social or occupational well-being. (7 criteria) 
  • misdiagnosis, two people could have the same symptoms, but one be abnormal and not the other, depending on whether the symptom effects everyday life. also, difficult to decide who judges if someone is actually failing to function, the disfunctional behaviour could be functional for that individual person.
  • takes into account subjective personal experiences, without simply just making a judgement (eg. someone with ocd, but could fuction adequately) 
  • deviation from ideal mental health is defined depending on whether an individual meets Jahoda's principles of ideal mental health
  • unrealistic criteria, makes all of us abnormal, but the only definition that takes a positive and holistic outlook. assumes that mental health and physical health are the same, minimises the difference between the…


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