psychology savage- rumbaugh ape language

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: zun
  • Created on: 30-11-13 14:14

is language nature or nurture? does it set humans apart from say; gorillas, orang-utans, chimpanzees, bonobos. language is a small number of signals (sounds, letters, gestures) that by themselves are meaningless, but can be put together according to certain rules to make an infinate number of messages. eg subject-verb-object.

  • use of the vocal/ auditory channel
  • arbitariness (use of symbols or words to denote objects)
  • semanticity (use of symbols to mean or refer to objects/ actions).
  • culture transmission (handing down the language from generation to generation).
  • spontaneous usage (freely initiating speech).
  • turn- taking (conversation is a two way process)
  • duality (organisation into basic sounds and combinations or sequences of these)
  • displacement (reference to things not present in time or space)
  • structure dependence (the patterned nature of language and use of "structured chunks" eg word order.
  • creativity/ productivity- ability to produce and understand an infinite number of novel uterances including combining words to increase meaning.

ethnocentric- means comparing or evaluating other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standerds and customs of one's own culture.

syntax- the arrangement of words to form well-developed sentences.

language comprehension or language production

chimps lack the vocal chords to learn the human language. so they learn ASL. so…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Core studies resources »