psychology savage- rumbaugh ape language

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  • Created by: zun
  • Created on: 30-11-13 14:14

is language nature or nurture? does it set humans apart from say; gorillas, orang-utans, chimpanzees, bonobos. language is a small number of signals (sounds, letters, gestures) that by themselves are meaningless, but can be put together according to certain rules to make an infinate number of messages. eg subject-verb-object.

  • use of the vocal/ auditory channel
  • arbitariness (use of symbols or words to denote objects)
  • semanticity (use of symbols to mean or refer to objects/ actions).
  • culture transmission (handing down the language from generation to generation).
  • spontaneous usage (freely initiating speech).
  • turn- taking (conversation is a two way process)
  • duality (organisation into basic sounds and combinations or sequences of these)
  • displacement (reference to things not present in time or space)
  • structure dependence (the patterned nature of language and use of "structured chunks" eg word order.
  • creativity/ productivity- ability to produce and understand an infinite number of novel uterances including combining words to increase meaning.

ethnocentric- means comparing or evaluating other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standerds and customs of one's own culture.

syntax- the arrangement of words to form well-developed sentences.

language comprehension or language production

chimps lack the vocal chords to learn the human language. so they learn ASL. so…

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