Other lab studies - study 1
Loftus and Zanni (1975) showed participants a film of a car accident. They then asked some participants 'Did you see a broken headlight?' and others ' Did you see the broken headlight?' Of those asked about 'a broken headlight', 7% reported seeing one (although there wasn't on in the film), compared with 17% of people asked about the broken headlight. The use of 'a' and 'the' was a form of leading question.
Real-life eyewitnesses - study 2
Guillermo and Cutshall (1986) interviewed 13 people who had witnesses an armed robbery in Canada. The interviews took…