freud study:little hans
phobias and the unconcious mind
freud believed that our behaviour is determined by our unconcious mind and that phobias are a lot more complicated then we think. he is a weirdo but he did come up with the idea that what shapes and determines our behaviour is something that we are unaware of. freud said that memories that are painful are repressed into our unconciousness as a way of our body dealing with the issue. your concious mind may not remember what happened but it still effects your behaviour as your unconcious mind prevents you from experiencing it again.
the psychodynamic perspective-comes from the theories of freud and focuses on the importance of the unconcious mind.the psychodyanamic or psychoanalytical perspective holds that behaviour is determined by our past experience.freud believed that that the mind is made up of three different levels;the concious, the preconcious and the unconcious.
- the concious consists of the thoughts that we are attending to which are currently in the mind
- the preconcious consists of infomation and ideas which can be retrieved easily from memory and brought into our concious awareness.
- the unconcious consists of information which is very hard to bring into concious awareness.
freud lived in the victorian times, which around that time there were many things to feel guilty about considered crude about the natural urges he had. perhaps these theories were a way of him convincing people that these urges were normal. he always thought that he was right about his ideas which shows his lack of confidence.he was also very obsessive in his interests of keeping things tidy and controlled in his behaviour and perhaps these traits gave him a sort of security.
freud was born in freiberg, moravia in 1856 but lived most of his life in vienna. life was hard for him at the time as everyone was anti-jewish. he studied medicine. he did three years experience in a clinical neurologist at the vienna hospital. when he went to france to work for jean charcot who had a keen interest in hysterical illness.then he got married and had six children and opened up his own medical practise.
while working there, freud realized that some of his patients had no physical problem yet were in pain.he then became more interested in these sort of illnesses which were more common in women. he took charcot's ideas of when looking at histeria, consider the psychology and not the physiology.he was able to talk to the them through hypnosis and find the underlining problem.he realized that some of the patients had something troubling them which they had repressed, such as a painful memory. once they admitted their concerns, their symptoms dissappered. freud also became friends with josef breuer who used the technique of letting patients talk about their feelings openly and this also seemed to relieve them of their symptoms as this was a way of releasing their inner thoughts.
the structure of the mind
freud believed that it…