Ainsworth & Bell Study of Attachment (The Strange Situation)
- Mother leaves child in unfamiliar environment
- Child is approached by the stranger.
- Mother returns.
- Looks at separation protest, stranger anxiety and reunion behaviour.
Three patterns of attachment:
- Secure =66%
- Insecure avoidant =22%
- Insecure resistant =12%
Ainsworth suggested that attachment type was determind by primary care's (mothers) behaviour.
Secure Attachment- Type B
- Upset when mother left.
- Positive, happy when she returned.
- Avoident of stranger but friendly when mother present.
Insecure Avoident- Type A
- Unconcerned by mothers absence.
- Unresponsive when she returned.
- Strongly avoident of mother and stranger.
Inescure Resistant- Type C
- Intensely distressed when mother left.
- Apparent fear of stranger.
- Clingliness mixed with rejection on return.
- Associated with inconsistent primary care.
Ethnocentric- only middle…