Evolution: Bowlby's Theory
- Bowlby proposed that attachment was important for survival.
- Without feeding, care and protection from adults, infants would not survive.
- Infants are born with innate tendency to form attachments.
- Since attachments have to be reciprocal, it should follow that adults are also innately programmed to become attached to their infants.
- Suggested that there must also be some long-term benefits of attachment.
- He suggested that attachment may be important for emotional relationships as the relationship between the primary caregiver and the infant provides a template upon which all other relationships are based.
3 important features of the theory:
1) Infants and caregivers are programmed to become attached
2) As attachment is a biological process, it takes place during a critical period in development or not at all
3) Attachment plays a role in later development - monotropy and the continuity hypothesis
Explanations of the 3 features:
1) Innate Programming
Bowlby suggested that all physical and psychological characteristics are naturally selected.
A characteristic is selected if it helps the individual to survive a reproduce
The result of natural selection is…