Loftus and Palmer (1974): study of the effect of the wording of questions on witness memory of car crashes.
Cognetive Psychology is concerned with the mental processes that allow us to deal with information.
AIM: To investigate the effect of questionning on an eyewitness memory for a car accident.
METHOD: A laboratory experiment using an independant measures design. 45 students were shown footage of 7 car crashes and asked how fast the cars were travelling when they 'smashed', 'collided', 'bumped', 'hit' or 'contacted' eachother (depending on the condition).
RESULTS: The average estimated speed varied…