The Matching Hypothesis
-Performed a study on 99 engaged couples and some other randomly assigned couples.
-He took photos and gave them to an independent groups, asking them to rate each person on their attractiveness.
-Results showed those who were engaged received similar ratings, than those who were random.
-This supports the hypothesis, as shows how people with same level of attractiveness are more liekly to date.
-Came up with 'neophilia' which is a funny trait
-Links to how men value a womans looks more, as men can have other traits such as a good personality, money etc, showing they have good resources for the woman.
-Women tend to be prettier, showing they are fertile and have healthy offspring.
-AKA 'Complex Matching'
Hatfield and Sphrecher:
-Role of the third party.
-Others such as friends, family tend t have an input on who we date. E.g in non-western cultures, arranged marriages tend to occur.
Reward/Need Satisfaction Model
-Those who are seen as friendly, cheerful, and rewarding, will be more likely to be liked the most, as a result of reinforcing happiness
-Two independent groups. One watched a sad movie, one watched a happy movie, then both interacted with a female confederate. Those who has watched the happy movie had interacted with the female more positively and disclosed more information about themselves.
May and Hamilton
-Told groups of people to look at photos of males, whilst listening to either pleasant, unpleasant or no music. Those who had listened to pleasant music had rated the men higher, concluding that positive feelings can ead to attraction..
Yum et al
-6 different cultures studied on heterosexual relationships.
-Those in most equitable relationships are more likely to use maintenance strategies to work it out. Culture didn't matter, so equity can be applied.
-It is only when dissatified that people think in terms on equity or in terms or costs and benefits, so cannot be applied.
Prins et al
-Dutch couples saw a different consequence for males and females. Women were more likely to respond by having an affair.
Social Exchange Theory
-Thibaut and Kelley came up with this theory.
Rusbult and Martz
-Explanation as to why some women sty in abusive eltionships, as when investements are high (children) and alternatives are low (divorces can be messy), it makes ending the relationship less profiterable.
-Asked students in heterosexual relationships to…