Psychological Therapies For Schizophrenia

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Psychological Therapies

  • Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy
  • People often have distorted beliefs which influence their bhaviour in maladaptive ways.
  • Delusions are thought to result from faulty interpretations of events. CBT helps identify and correct these.
  • CBT Techniques
  • Patients are encouraged to trace back the origins of their symptons in order to get a better idea of how they developed.
  • Encouraged to evaluate the content of their delusions. 
  • May test validity of faulty beliefs. 
  • Behavioural assignments may also be set with the aim of improving their general level of functioning.
  • The therapist lets the patient develop their own alternatives to these previous maladaptive beliefs by looking for alternative explanations and coping strategies, already present in the patients mind.
  • Outcome Studies
  • Measure how well a patinet does after a particular treatment, compared with the accepted form of treatment compared with accepted form of treatment. 
  • Patients recieving CBT experience fewer positive effects than those on atypical antipsychotics alone. 
  • 25-50% reduction in recovery time for patients given a combination of antipsychotics and CBT. 
  • These advantages were confirmed.
  • Psychodynamic Therapy: Psychoanalysis
  • Based on the assumption that individuals are often unaware of the influence of unconscious conflicts on their current psycholgoical state.
  • Helps to bring unconscious to the conscious mind. Assumes that the symptons are meaningful and part of history for the patient
  • Psychodynamic Techniques
  • Therapist makes an alliance with patient, offering them real help. \The more severe, the more support is needed by the therapist 
  • Freud believed that schizophrenics could not be analysed because they…


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