- Created by: georgieeliz
- Created on: 31-12-19 16:25
Do pregnancy and birth complications effect criminality?
Studies have found a correlation between increased minor physical abnormalies and
increased antisocial behaviour in children (Raine 1993). Associated with foetal
neural maldevelopment in the last three months of pregnacy (low seated ears,
adherent ear lobes, furrowed tongue etc.). Medrick and Kandel (1988) minor
physical abnormalities related to violent offending (assessment of a group of
tweleve-year-old boys who were followed up nie years later). Medrick and Raine
(1997)found that minor physical abnormalities and family adversity led to high rates
of adult offending. Arsenault et al. (2000) found that minor physical abnormalilities
assessed at fourteen assessed at age fourteen predicted to violent delinquency at age
seventeen in one hundred and seventy males and not to non-violent deliquency.
There is a significant…