Psychodynamic explanations of depression

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Psychodynamic Explanation

Mourning and Melancholia - Freud 1917

  • Mourning is a natural state to experience after a loss (death or withdrawl of affection)
  • Melancholia is a pathological illness, mourning as a constant state
  • needs not met at oral stage- excessivly dependant on others - leads to feelings of rejection after loss

Attachment theory

  • Dependant personalites - turn anger in on themselves because outer expression is not acceptable to the super ego, this inward directed anger reduces their self esteem and makes them more vunerable to depression.
  • actaul or symobolic loss can cause people to feel rejected and revert back to a…


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