Pro- and anti-natal policies

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: 9cakscs
  • Created on: 21-05-14 22:20

Anti-natalist policy: China

Why?

  • -Huge rate of population growth led to a series of famines in the mid 20th century

What is the policy?

  • -One child policy which encourages couples to have only one child and penalise those who have more.

How does it work?

  • -Incentives given for having just one child policy: cash bonuses, longer maternity leave, better childcare, prefential access to housing.
  • -Young people persuaded to delay marriage
  • -Pressure for abortion of 'unauthorised' pregnancies
  • -Easy access to contraception and encouragement of post-pregnancy sterilisation
  • -'Forced' sterilisation of couples who have more than one child

Has it been successful?

  • The birth rate in China has fallen since 1979, and the rate of population growth is now 0.7%
  • There have been negative impacts too - due to a traditional preference for boys, large numbers of female babies have ended up homeless or in the orphanages, and in some cases…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change resources »