Anti-natalist policy: China
- -Huge rate of population growth led to a series of famines in the mid 20th century
What is the policy?
- -One child policy which encourages couples to have only one child and penalise those who have more.
How does it work?
- -Incentives given for having just one child policy: cash bonuses, longer maternity leave, better childcare, prefential access to housing.
- -Young people persuaded to delay marriage
- -Pressure for abortion of 'unauthorised' pregnancies
- -Easy access to contraception and encouragement of post-pregnancy sterilisation
- -'Forced' sterilisation of couples who have more than one child
Has it been successful?
- The birth rate in China has fallen since 1979, and the rate of population growth is now 0.7%
- There have been negative impacts too - due to a traditional preference for boys, large numbers of female babies have ended up homeless or in the orphanages, and in some cases…