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Revolution in prisons

Why was there a revolution in prisons during the Industrial Revolution? 

  • Transportation was not the only alternative to hanging.
  • Some people  thought that imprisonment was a better alternative.
  • There were major problems in prisons.
  • 1783. Sir George Paul, the sheriff  of Gloucestershire was keen to reform prisons.
  • Problems:  
    • Many prisoners who were not found guilty could not  get out because they could not afford the discharge fee.
    • Warders were unpaid.
    • Few warders were in the debtor's prisons -prisoners could not be forced to do anything.
    • Some prisons where mixed with serious criminals & debtors-warders let the criminals have the same privileges as the debtors.
    • Prisoners already in the cell took control over new prisoners.
    • Prisons were mixed of men and women.
    • Prisons were dangerous. 
    • schools for crime - turning young prisoners into hardened criminals.
    • Conditions were so bad-many prisoners  died of disease.
  • Changes in the 1800's:  
    • 1750 - Prisons played a big  role.
    • 1770 - John Howard's survey showed that there were only 4000 people in prison in the whole country 60% of them were debtors.
    • Over the next 100 years that were major changes: Imprisonment became the normal method of punishing crime.
    • Reforming prisoners became an aim of punishment.
    • The huge increase in prisoners led…



It's really informative, but the layout and structure is a bit confusing. :)

Miss E

Prisons are a big part of the Crime and Punishment unit and this resource is a handy guide to what you need to know about their development in the Industrial era. Use and colour code the information to help you remember it.

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