Revolution in prisons
Why was there a revolution in prisons during the Industrial Revolution?
- Transportation was not the only alternative to hanging.
- Some people thought that imprisonment was a better alternative.
- There were major problems in prisons.
- 1783. Sir George Paul, the sheriff of Gloucestershire was keen to reform prisons.
- Many prisoners who were not found guilty could not get out because they could not afford the discharge fee.
- Warders were unpaid.
- Few warders were in the debtor's prisons -prisoners could not be forced to do anything.
- Some prisons where mixed with serious criminals & debtors-warders let the criminals have the same privileges as the debtors.
- Prisoners already in the cell took control over new prisoners.
- Prisons were mixed of men and women.
- Prisons were dangerous.
- schools for crime - turning young prisoners into hardened criminals.
- Conditions were so bad-many prisoners died of disease.
- Changes in the 1800's:
- 1750 - Prisons played a big role.
- 1770 - John Howard's survey showed that there were only 4000 people in prison in the whole country 60% of them were debtors.
- Over the next 100 years that were major changes: Imprisonment became the normal method of punishing crime.
- Reforming prisoners became an aim of punishment.
- The huge increase in prisoners led…