R. M. Hare
Hare discusses the use of ethical language suggests that ethical language is used to persuade people to do things, however he makes a distinction between a moral command and getting someone to do something by using linguistic devices.
- Hare sought to make moral statements objective
- He argued that ethical language was both prescriptive and universal
- role of moral statement is to say what ought to be done, such perscriptions are moral because they are universal
- He argued that moral statements do more than describe behaviour or express an attitude
- they command a persons behaviour e.g. 'abortion is wrong' - guides a persons behaviour as well as influencing others
- He believed moral statements have a 'universal qaulity'
- e.g. 'all human life is sacred' can be applied to various similar moral situations/ 'love your neighbour as yourself' can be applied to all situations
- Hare argues that universal perscriptivism gives a…