Pre Islamic Context: Arabia

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Pre Islamic Context


  • The Sassanid Empire and Roman Byzantine Empire were at war
  • Contained the Jewish and the Samaritans
  • Many Arabian Kingdoms
  • Pre Islamic Religious scene: Polytheistic society & Ancient Arabian Gods (many were female)

The Sassanids

  • Last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam
  • War tensions
  • Fight over sovereignty


  • Official religion of the Sassanids
  • Minority in Iran today
  • Cosmic dualism: good & evil


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