Believing without belonging.
Davie argues that religion is not declining but simply taking a different, more privatised form.
- People no longer go to church because they feel they have to, so although churchgoing has declined, this is because attendance is now a matter of personal choice rather than an obligation.
- We now have believing without belonging - people hold religious beliefs but don't go to church. Thus, the decline of traditional religion is matched by the growth of a new form of religion.