The breakdown of modernity;
1. Are now living in a postmodern era
2. Do we need postmodernism to explain our behaviour?
Theories of late modernity
How are these theories different to postmodernism?
Ø Continuation of modernity
Ø Key features of modernity that were always present have been intensified they still believe that we can discover objective knowledge
Ø Enlightenment project is still useful.
What does Giddens mean by “disembodying” and “reflexivity” in his explanation of the rapid social change we see in late and high modernity?
Ø Disembodying the change of social relations from local contents of interaction.
o No longer face-to-face contact in order to interact.
o Breaks down the geographical barriers and makes interaction personal.
Ø Reflexivity we are continually re-evaluating our ideas and theories.
Giddens and Beck criticise the postmodern view
Ø Giddens we face a number of high consequence risks
o I.e. nuclear war, pollution etc.
o We cannot intervene to improve things (managing the risks)
Ø Beck; risk society highlights the new dangers within society
Risk, Politics and Progress
Rational Knowledge-we can overcome them
Marxist Theories of Postmodernity
Ø Marx claimed that his theory showed how the working class revolution could overthrow capitalism and bring an end to…