Post-Stalin thaw

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  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 31-12-14 10:47

AUSTRIAN STATE TREATY:

  • in 1945, Austria had been dealt with in the same manner as Germany and Berlin in that it was divided into four zones
  • it was to become a permanent arrangement like that in Germany
  • negotiations in regards to the long term situation stopped as common ground was difficult to find
  • the USSR used their zone as economic benefit for themselves
  • the US introduced Marshall Aid and rearmed the western zone in secret
  • by 1955, Khrushchev was in a position to override theharsher approach of Molotov and decided Austrian neutrality was better than permanent division
  • he hoped Soviet concessions would convince the west that the USSR was serious about negotiations
  • the Austrian State Treay of 1955 was the result
  • under the Treaty, both US and USSR would withdraw its armed forces from Austria in return for agreeing neutrality
  • Khrushchev regarded the Treaty as a more mature approach

SOVIET WITHDRAW FROM FINLAND:

  • the USSR had an interest in Finland, their neighbour and enemy from WW2
  • under the Finish-Soviet Peace Treaty signed Paris 1947, the terms of the 1944 armistice were largely confirmed
  • Finland was to pay reparations of $300mil to USSR and lose land along its border to USSR
  • additionally, the USSR was given a 50-year lease to the Porkkala region which was occupied
  • by the autumn of 1955, Khrushchev was ready to withdraw Soviet presence from Porkkala
  • he saw no reason to retain Soviet influence in a non-communist country
  • Molotov tried to override this decision but was defeated
  • in 1956, Porkkala was returned to Finland

ARMISTICE IN KOREA, 1953:

  • an armistice was concluded in 1953 that brought the fighting in Korea to an end
  • the war had produced a stalemate since 1051 and the peace talks that had been going on have protracted
  • the change in leadership to both the USA and USSR gave these talks the persuasion to reach a conclusion
  • new Soviet leadership put pressure on North Korean's Kim Il Sung to agree ceasefire

MOLOTOV CALLED…

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