Population policies: One child policy, China

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Effects of rapid population growth

- Natural resources rapidly running out due to the pressure from 200 million population increase from 1964-1974

- Average area of land per person was 50% less, in China, than the world average

- Unemployment increased from 1.8% in 1985 to 2.9% in 1995

- 25% national income used each year to cope for the additional population

- Population increasing by 1.2 million per year


- 'later, longer, fewer' introduced by state-sponsored advertising campaigns in late 1970's

- 1979 one child policy introduced by the governmen, implemented for 20 years

- Government offered incentives e.g. free education, priority housing, pension and family benefits, free contraception and abortions; but…


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