Politics A2 4D - Poverty and Development Definitions

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  • Created by: Abs
  • Created on: 07-05-11 13:12

Development - growth, act of improving/enlarging/refining development comminly linked to economic growth (deeply contested)

Absolute Poverty - standard of poverty based on an income level/access to resources especially food/clothing shelter/ which are insifficient to 'keep body and soul together'

Relative Poverty - standard of poverty in which people are deprived of the living conditions and amenities which are customary in the society to which they belong

Purchasing Power Parity - calculation of purchasing power that takes account of the relative cost of living and the inflation rates of different countries, sometimes based on the 'international dollar'

Positive Freedom - freedom defined in terms of self-realization and the development of human capacities, freedom to be/do something 

Gross Domestic Product - total value of all the goods and services produced in an economy, measure of national income

Modernization Theory - theory that there is a single linear path to development, reflected in the transformation of western countries from traditional pre-industrial agrarian societies to modern industrial mass consumption ones

Poverty Cycle - a set of circumstances that tend to…


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