Political and Civil rights
Democracy- Rule by the people
1) The UK is a representative democracy- the people elect representatives (Members of parliament or MP's) to make the decisions that affect everyone. We vote to elect a national government every 5 years or so.
2) Since 1969, everyone over 18 has the right to vote. (There are a few exceptions, e.g. many prisoners can't vote.) This is sometimes called universal suffrage.1
Universal- Everyone's treated the same
Suffrage- The right to vote
During the 19th and 20th centuries groups campaigned for this right. Their protests eventually reformed the electoral system.
Towards the end of the 17th century, parliament took control from the monarchy. Before that, the UK was an absolute monarchy- the King or Queen had all power.
In the 19th century, a series of reform acts led…